How were spices used by medieval Europeans, and why were spices so valuable in medieval Europe?
What did the rise and expansion of the Ottoman Empire look like in the eyes of European observers? How did the Ottomans shape the political and religious history of early modern Europe?
How did handwritten documents shape life in the early modern period? What can these documents tell us about the experiences of early modern people?
What did medieval Christians believe about women’s nature and social roles? How did they express these beliefs in illustrations, poetry, and religious writings?